The second and biggest section of the Syrian revolutionary movement includes the economically disenfranchised rural and urban working and middle classes who are experiencing the accelerated imposition of neoliberal policies by Bashar Al Assad since his arrival to power. The poorest are struggling to survive and the middle classes are going down to the poverty level. In 2000, the percentage living under poverty line rose from 11% to 33 %.
According to the United Nations, in 2010 more than a million people were forced to migrate from the northeastern region of Syria to urban centers and many have joined the armed groups of the Free Syrian Army (FSA) and Protestors may be observed gathering around sheiks in some neighborhoods and opposing the regime.
The courage and the determination of the Syrian people in their struggle against the authoritarian regime for democracy, social justice and true independence, has astonished the world. As Syrian revolutionaries have said since the beginning of the uprising, “The Syrian people will not kneel.”
Last year new Syrian people rooted in revolutionary humanism and the struggle for freedom was born. We call on all men and women of conscience to support and bring solidarity to the Syrian people in their revolutionary struggle to overthrow a criminal and authoritarian regime. The revolution must continue they know.
The activists in this movement are extremely diverse in terms of religion and ethnicity:
Revolution of the young shows no religious division, unity in diversity fighting the regime.
The popular movement in Syria is struggling for social solidarity that transcends sectarian and ethnic divisions.
The Syrian opposition has continuously presented a united front against the threat of national and sectarian civil war. An Alawite brigade was also formed recently in the Free Syrian Army (FSA) in the province of Idlib. ??Kurdish activists are very present in the revolutionary process. Many Kurdish activists have been the targets of Syrian security forces during the current uprising. Assyrians, a Christian population, are solidly participating in the Syrian revolution, joining from a deep-rooted history of activism.
Many Palestinian refugees in Syria have participated in the revolution and suffered alongside their Syrian brothers and sisters, including refugees from Deraa, Latakia, and the refugee camp was bombed by Syrian forces, and Damascus, where rebellion is especially centered at the Yarmouk refugee camp.