Around the world billions are affected by colds a year. People experience lot of sleepless nights, sick days, chapped noses, crumpled tissues, and general misery. Most people begin to feed better within week or two. However, some symptoms, including a cough, can sometimes last up to three weeks
Not much can be done to kill the virus and there’s very little you can do to fight the common cold.
When we get a cold, all we can really do is make ourselves a little more comfortable.
Home remedies may help ease symptoms while your body heals itself. These tips won’t cure the common cold. But they might make you or a loved one feel just a little better while you recover.
Tips trust help prevent getting a cold or flu
1. Wash hands often, use alcohol based hand gel to kill Germs
2. Try avoid touching your face often when you are out.
3. Cough or sneeze on your elbow, bend your hand and do so. This avoids spreading of the germs.
4. Eat healthy
5. Exercise regularly
6. Manage the stress levels
7. Get plenty of rest
8. Get a yearly flu shot to protect against flu
9. Vitamin C – Making sure to include plenty of foods rich in Vitamin C in your diet will increase the body’s production of white blood cells and antibodies needed to defend the body against invading viral infections
10. Tulsi/ basil tea – helps alleviate congestion and common cold
A flu shot is safe and effective in preventing the flu. It will not give you flu has very low rate of side effects, those who have Allergies to eggs should consult about it with the physician.
Asthmatic patients, diabetics, heart patients, People older than 50 yrs of age,and pregnant women should be careful because the complications of flu and cold may be severe on them.
Home remedies that help ease symptoms are as follows:
For general relief
1. Extra rest
2. Fluid intake should be increased.
3. Herbal tea, warm water, chicken soup, soups in general are good for congestion and runny stuffy nose.
4. Take acetaminophen, Advil, Ibuprofen for body aches. ( ask pharmacist if you are not familiar with these over the counter medications)
5. Quit smoking.
6. Avoid second hand smoking
For runny or stuffy nose
1. Keep inside of the nose moist with salt water solution like saline nose drops or nasal sprays
2. Breath warm, moist air from a steamy shower, hot bath or sink / vessel filled with hot water.
3. Use decongestant nose sprays don’t overuse ask the doctor for prescription if needed.
4. Take decongestant like sudafed, sinarest. Consult with doctor if you have high blood pressure.
5. Apply warm moist towel or gel pack to your face three or four times a day for 5- 10 minutes each time.
1. Use cough drops to soothe throat irritation
2. Drink plenty of warm fluids.
3. Use cough suppressants With dextromethorphan.
For sour throat
1. Gargle with warm salt water frequently. 1 tsp salt in 1 cup of warm water.
2. Drink extra fluids
3. Take mediations like acetaminophen or Advil or over the counter lozenges to soothe soreness
4. Use a humidifier to add moisture to the bed room.
Pregnant women and precautions
Prolonged fever should’ve addressed as it is harmful to the baby.so rapid onset of symptoms, cough, fever , tired and archly feeling should be taken care of
Consult a doctor to bring down the fever, do not use aspirin or Advil during pregnancy
Antibiotics won’t help
Virus and bacteria are the cause for these cold, found chest cold. Antibiotics kill bacteria alone.
Colored mucus doesn’t mean one needs antibiotics as it is not bacterial infection, it is common occurrence.
Antibiotics causes side effects, like upset stomach, diarrhea, vaginal infection,rashes, allergic reactions.
Go back to doctor when
1. When symptoms come back
2. Trouble breathing, wheezing, tightness in chest
3. A deep cough with lots of mucus or a cough that lasts more than 3 weeks.
4. A very sore throat, a sudden hearing loss, or discharge from ear.
5. A fever of 100.4F or higher for three days or more with a stiff neck,a severe headache or a rash.